PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Discussions on the Hokkien (Minnan) language.
Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sat Jul 06, 2013 3:39 pm

TOPIC: Prominent Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) Peoples

I am starting a new forum thread on this fascinating topic to share the inspiring & motivating material about successful Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples from the past to present generations. Contributions and comments are welcome from the all member and readers of the Hokkien (Minnan) Forum to rectify any mistakes I had written. Kam-sia 感谢/To Sia 多谢 in advance for your support.

MinNan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples and language sub-group with its own varieties are: -

- "Minnan Golden Triangle": Quanzhou, Zhangzhou. Amoy and Taiwanese (MinNan / Bân-lâm proper or Hokkien/Hoklo, )
- Teochew (Dio⁵ziu¹ uê⁷) in Chaoshan (潮汕) region, Guangdong
- Leizhou/Qiongwen/Hainanese in Leizhou Peninsula and Hainan Province
- Puxian Min (Putian/Hing hua)
- minor subgroups, such as Zhenan Min 浙南閩語/Chiat-lâm-bân-gí (Wu influences) in Zhejiang Province
- Zhongshan Min 中山閩語(Cantonese influence) in Guangdong Province
- For more information about the Mǐn 闽语/Mǐn yǔ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bân gú), refer to the Geographical Map and Min Language Chart at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Min_Chinese

From the above locations/territories, we could basically described MinNan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples as more of the "plains or coastal" race. MinNan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples are seldom refer to as the mountainous peoples due to their affinity to water and agriculture. Rice and seafoods are their main diet.

MINNAN IDENTITY (Bân-lâm 闽南):

> Indeed, much of what might be termed a "Minnan Identity" was based upon a dynamic entrepreneurial culture and a cosmopolitanism that had been born in southern Fujian's "Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) Golden Triangle" but raised in colonial Southeast Asia (Nanyang).
> By mobilizing a revamped Confucianism and a newly discovered Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南, Hokkien) historical identity, cultural heritage and wedding these to the commercial success of overseas Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南, Hokkien) merchant life, many Hokkien's Huaqiao strove to build a stronger, modern Fujian capable of combining a "Chinese" past with a modernizing impetus rooted in Hokkien Huaqiao colonial Southeast Asia. (Source: http://www.factbites.com/topics/Minnan)

DESCRIPTIONS/PORTRAYALS & ACHIEVEMENTS OF MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES:

Many Minnan / Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples had accomplished unprecedented success in the specific area of old and modern history. They had change history and life of the peoples, countries and the world in an area of:

Entrepreneurship (example: Lim Goh Tong, Henry Sy. Sr.),
• Corporate business (Dr. Lucio C. Tan, Kwek Leng Beng, Yeoh Tiong Lay, Queck Leng Chan),
• Community leader (Seah Eu Chin, Tan Kah Kee, Tan Lark Sai),
• Philanthropist (Tan Kim Seng, Tan Kah Kee, Lim Goh Tong, Loh Boon Siew, Kwek Hong Png),
• Sports (Jeremy Lin, Liem Swie King, Lee Chong Wei, Hsieh Su-Wei)
• Politics (President Benigno S. Aquino III, Zhang Gaoli, Goh Chok Tong, Corazon Aquino, Lim Chong Eu)
• Music - pianist, musician etc (Yin Chengzong, Han Kuo-Huang),
• Mass Media & Entertainment (Yeoh Choo-Kheng, Raymond Lam Fung, Jiang Hui, Takeshi Keneshiro etc)
• Medical and Scientific & Research (Dr. Lin Qiaozhi, Pua Khein-Seng),
• Philosophy (Li Zhi, Zhu Xi),
• Education & Writer (Lin Yutang),
• Religions (Cardinal Jaime Sin)
• Military & Revolutionary leaders (Hong Chengchou, Koxinga, Jose Rizal) and
• many others including famous wanted criminals 8) :lol: :P such as pirates (Cai Qian), smugglers (Lai Changxing) etc
. :D :)

MINNAN IDENTITY (Bân-lâm 闽南)

Their achievement had made the Minnan peoples and Minnan traits to be admired today as the most resourceful, hard working, shrewd, successful, persistence, peace-loving and assimilative (eg. Baba and Nyonya).

Although many overseas Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) have lived in humble conditions overseas, the financial investments and donations they have made in their home province (Fujian/Hokkien) have contributed significantly toward industrial development and the construction of new schools, colleges, universities, hospitals, railways, bridges and roads.

Example by Tan Kah Kee (founder of the prestigious Xiamen University (old name University of Amoy), Lim Goh Tong (Genting Group) and thousands of others. Many overseas Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples was responsible for gathering much support from the community to aid China in major events such as the Xinhai Revolution (1911), the Kuomintang's Northern Expedition (1926-1928), and the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). Apart from donating most of their assets and earnings to aid China in those major events, some even went to Mainland China to fight along the Chinese soldiers, such as the late Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu (former Chief Minister of Penang, Former MCA President) etc.

In history, the Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples, centred on “the Xiamen-Zhangzhou-Quanzhou Triangle” also known as “Minnan((Bân-lâm 闽南)) Golden Triangle”, has the “reputation of being more commercial, adventurous, resourceful, shrewd and hardworking” Chinese peoples.

This Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) Golden Triangle is home to a "rich operatic and balladic tradition" of its own : (Hokkien Opera/koa-á-hì, Nanguan (Lamkóan) & Beiguan(Pakkóan) music, Glove Puppetry (pò͘-tē-hì etc).

Much of the modern history of the Bân-lâm 闽南/Minnan regions has been shaped by the close continuing contact between Bân-lâm 闽南 / Minnan peoples and their overseas relatives who began emigrating to South-east Asia (Nanyang) in the 16th century.

Since the ancient time, Minnan peoples is renowned in China, as the best for their talents and skills relating with its “Seafaring History”, has supplied many of China’s greatest naval officers, sea merchants, sailors and navigators for Marco Polo, Admiral Zheng Ho, Zheng Zhilong and Koxinga etc. During the Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty, Europeans including the Portuguese, Spanish, British, Venetian and the Dutch already came to East Asia to trade. Many Chinese sea traders then were Fujianese with the Min Nan (Bân-lâm 闽南) people the most dominating and influential.

In today world, where there are Chinese entrepreneurs / businessmen overseas, you will definitely meet many Bân-lâm 闽南 / Minnan (Hokkien & Teochew) businessmen in every area of trade, plantations, constructions, manufacturing, banking, retail, educations, professional career, engineering, IT, scientist and many others sectors.

In fact, ancient Bân-lâm 闽南 / Minnan (Hokkien) people were renowned as skilled seafarers, navigators, sea merchants, merchant ships sailors & traders (some pirates-cum traders). They travelled/sailed and colonised (settled) in most of the coasts around China seas (Zhejiang, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao, Hainan Island and Japan) and South China seas (Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia etc). Minnan people affinity to sea is well known that where there is an island or coast with fertile land, you will find Minnan peoples till today in South East China and South East Asia. There is a saying that “where there is coast/islands there will be Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples.” In fact, ancient Minnan people were very good seafarers, they colonised most of the coasts around China sea.

During Yuan Dynasty (Kublai Khan), when Marco Polo needs to recruit their soldiers, sailors, navigators and sea merchants, he didn’t go to any other port in China but specifically go to South Fujian’s Quanzhou Port (also known by old name Zayton/Zaitun). In the Ming Dynasty, Admiral Zheng Ho also goes to South Fujian (Quanzhou, Amoy, Quemoy, Fuzhou) to recruit their navigators, naval soldiers and sea merchants. Koxinga also recruit his army and based his naval forces and armies at Minnan regions esp. Quemoy/Kinmen (POJ: Kim-mûi) to train and fight the Qing Army and the powerful colonial Dutch forces (to retrieve Taiwan). The reason Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) area merchants and sailors are most sough after is because Minnan’s (Bân-lâm 闽南) are highly skillful and knowledgeable with navigating the ships through the oceans and have the outstanding knowledge of naval military strategy in China (example is Zheng Zhilong).

Bân-lâm 闽南 /Minnan peoples became the most influential sea lord; all these through combining their ability in military force, diplomacy and shrewd/astute entrepreneurship. Even foreign traders (Arabs, Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, British, Japanese, Indians, Malay Archipelago and other traders “admire and respect” the Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) merchants since ancients times. Even the Minnan’s pirates were highly feared such as Zheng Zhilong (Nicholas Iquan Gaspard) during the 12th to 19th Century in China's eastern and southern seas.

The shrewd and astute Bân-lâm 闽南/Minnan merchants had to protect their interests from rivals that include the Ming / Qing government corrupted officials who suppressed sea trade and migration, rival pirates, foreign pirates, Japanese traders and Europeans, Indians, Arabs. At times, Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) traders- and some traders-cum-pirates had to resort to piracy against Ming/Qing government vessels and rival pirates and European traders to survive without the protection of Beijing imperial army.

Fujian Province and Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples are also known for its strong educational tradition. During the Ming and Qing dynasties many of China’s great statesmen and scholars came from the province. Of note are the 12th-century philosopher Zhu Xi, the 17th-century statesman Hong Chengchou, and the 17th-century military leader Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga) etc.

Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) businessmen is also known for its strong philanthropist tradition. Of note is Tan Kah Kee, known as the “Henry Ford of Asia,” who founded the prestigious Xiamen University in 1921 by donating hundred of millions dollars all by himself.

Fujian cuisine is considered to be one of China’s five main regional cooking styles, though it is not well known outside China. Characteristic of the style are the use of seafood and such ingredients as bamboo shoots and mushrooms that are gathered from mountainous areas; light seasonings that bring out the savory character of the ingredients; ingredients that are thinly sliced to enhance their flavour; and soups and broths.

Hokkien (Taiwanese) pop:
C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese popular music: 中文流行音乐. There are only three main sub-genres within C-pop Music:

- Mandopop
- Cantopop, and
- Hokkien(Taiwanese) pop.

Hokkien pop, though having its roots in Japanese enka, has been re-integrating into C-pop and narrowing its trend of development towards Mandopop. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_pop_music)

Fujian cuisine is considered to be one of China’s five main regional cooking styles..
The so-called Eight Culinary Traditions of China are "Anhui, Cantonese, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Szechuan, and Zhejiang cuisines". (Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_cuisine) Characteristic of the Fujian (Hokkien) style are the use of seafood and such ingredients as bamboo shoots and mushrooms that are gathered from mountainous areas; light seasonings that bring out the savory character of the ingredients; ingredients that are thinly sliced to enhance their flavour; and soups and broths. Southern Fujian cuisine style is spicy and sweet tastes are often found and the selection of sauces used is elaborate. Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) cuisine style is the less oily but with the strongest taste/flavour of Fujian cuisine. Great emphasis is placed on the shape of the material for each dish. Another Fujian cuisine style is Fuzhou style.


HOKKIEN (MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南) FAMILIES

There were primarily from eight families in central China: Lin (林), Huang (黄), Chen (陈), Zheng (郑), Zhan (詹), Qiu (邱), He (何), and Hu (胡). The first four remain as the major surnames of modern Fujian Province till today. There are hundreds of other surnames for Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) peoples in Fujian, Guangzhou, Taiwan and other places.


HOW THE "HOKKIEN (MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南)" DERIVE THEIR NAME

This area (province) was also the place for “the Kingdom of Minyue”.
The word "Mǐnyuè" was derived by combining "Mǐn" (閩/闽; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: bân), perhaps an ethnic name and associated with the Chinese word for barbarians (蠻/蛮; pinyin: mán; POJ: bân), and "Yuè", after the State of Yue, a Spring and Autumn Period kingdom in Zhejiang Province to the north. This is because the royal family of Yuè fled to Fujian after their kingdom was annexed by the State of Chu in 306 BC. (REF: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fujian)

Mǐn is also the name of the main river in Fujian Province, but the ethnonym is probably earlier. The Min River (闽江 /閩江; Mǐn Jiāng) is a 577 kilometres (359 mi)-long river in Fujian province. It is the largest river in Fujian, and an important water transport channel.


MAIN ECONOMY FOR THE HOKKIEN (MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南) PEOPLES

MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南 are one of the more affluent peoples in China & overseas.

In Modern Economy, MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南 peoples were majoring in many industries such as:
• Spanning Tea Production
• Clothing & sports manufacturers (textiles, footwear, fashion and apparel)
• ICT (Information & Communications Technology) & Telecommunications,
• Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing
• Paper production
• Food processing
• Tanning
• Machine tool manufacturing
• Chemical industries: Chemicals Production & Processing
• Financial services (Banking, Insurance, Underwriting)
• Convention & Exhibition
• Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics
• Trading & Distribution, International trade
• Cultural Industries
• Biotechnology/Pharmaceuticals,
• Research and Development
• Packaging
• Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, machinery
• Medical Equipment and Supplies
• Petrochemicals
• Heavy Industry - major producer of quarry granite & ceramics, shipbuilding etc


ECONOMIC FACTS ABOUT MINNAN GOLDEN TRIANGLE

• "Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) Golden Triangle" which includes "Xiamen, Quanzhou and Zhangzhou" accounts for more than 40% of the GDP of Fujian province.
• Xiamen Wushipu Oil Painting village and Xiamen Haicang Oil Painting Village has been named as “the second of the world oil painting industry base”. 80% market shares in European & American market is taken up by products exported from Xiamen.
Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) & Xiamen (Amoy) is the biggest automotive market in Fujian; it has the highest number of private automobile possession per capita in China.
• Quanzhou(Chôan-chiu)'s textile and apparel production accounts for 10% of China,
• Quanzhou's production of Sports and Tourism shoes accounts for 80% of China, or 20% of the world.
• Quanzhou’s stone exports account for 50% of the country
• Quanzhou’s resin handicraft exports account for 70% of the country
• Quanzhou’s ceramic exports account for 67% of the country
• Quanzhou’s candy production accounts for 20% of the country.
Jinjiang County, Shishi County, Nanan County, Huian County, Anxi County, these 5 counties from Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) City have been 100 most powerful economic county in china for many years. Which again shows Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) is a most developed area in Fujian province, and even in China.
• Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) GDP ranks first in Fujian Province for 20 years. From 1991 to 2010. Different districts and counties in
• Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) have their own special industries which are known to the rest of China. Jinjiang and shishi are famous for Apparel and textile, Hui’an is famous for its stone, Quangang is famous for petrifaction, Dehua is Ceramics, Yongchun is Citrus, Anxi is WULONG (Oolong) Tea, Nan An is building materials, Fengze is resin.

In the Traditional Economy or in terms of Agricultural Land, MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南 peoples were most famous in China in the production of:-
Rice is the main crop, supplemented by sweet potatoes and wheat and barley.
• Cash crops include sugar cane and rapeseed.
• Fujian province leads the provinces of China in “Longan production”,
• Fujian is also a major producer of “Lychees”. Lychee is a subtropical fruit tree native to Fujian, Taiwan, Hainan etc.
• Quanzhou is a major exporter of agricultural products such as tea, banana, lychee and rice.
• Since Bân-lâm 闽南 are the coastal or plains peoples, the Seafood & seafood farming are another important product, with shellfish production especially prominent. Due to the fertile plains in plains area, Bân-lâm 闽南 peoples were main producers of vegetables, flowers, fruits etc.
• In South East Asia (Nanyang (南洋), the large agriculture plantations such as Rubber and Oil Palm/Palm Oil production are monopolise by the MinNan or Bân-lâm 闽南 entrepreneurs esp. in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines etc.

NOTE:
In fact, the English word “TEA, LONGAN, LYCHEE” is probably borrowed from Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) language.

MINNAN OR BÂN-LÂM 闽南 TEA

➢ Many famous teas originate from Fujian, esp Minnan Oolong, Tiě Guānyīn, Dà Hóng Páo and Fuzhou jasmine tea. (Ref: https://www.peonyts.com/overview-of-minnan-oolong/)
➢ Indeed, the tea processing techniques for three major classes tea, namely, oolong, white tea, and black tea were all developed in the Hokkien province.
Fujian (Hokkien) Tea Ceremony is an elaborate way of preparing and serving tea. In fact, the English word "tea" is borrowed from Minnan (Bân-lâm 闽南) language.
Anxi County (An-khoe kōan/安溪县) in Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu) is known as "the Tea Capital of the World" since ancient times. (REF: https://www.peonyts.com/overview-of-minnan-oolong/)
China Tea Capital (中国茶都; Zhongguo Chadu) in Anxi County is a large center dedicated to showcasing Anxi County's famous “Tieguanyin Tea".
➢ Fujian is number one area in the production of tea in China (namely Oolong, White tea, and black tea in China. The “Tieguanyin Tea (Iron Goddess Guanyin / Tiě Guānyīn or Ti Kuan Yin (鐵觀音))" is world most famous brand.
Dà Hóng Páo (大红袍) is the world most expensive brand of tea [can sell for up to USD $1,250,000 per kilogram].
➢ Both the Tieguanyin Tea and Dà Hóng Páo are Oolong (POJ: Or-liong tea) / black dragon tea) varieties.


From Pier L (Modified on Sunday 14 July 2013)


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Last edited by Pier on Mon Jul 22, 2013 4:45 am, edited 11 times in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sat Jul 06, 2013 3:59 pm

Number 1:

NAME / DESIGNATION: ZHENG CHENGGONG (KOXINGA)
DOB: 28th August 1624, Hirado, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan
DOD: 23rd June 1662, Tainan, Taiwan
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: Koxinga or Zhèng Chénggōng, 鄭成功
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: Kok-sèng-iâ / Kok-sìⁿ-iâ or Tēⁿ Sêng-kong
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien (ancestry from Nan’an, Quanzhou). Mother is either Japanese/Hokkien Japanese.
COUNTRY: Fujian in China & Taiwan
CATEGORY: Military Commander

Education: Nanjing University
Spouse: Dong Cuiying
Children: Zheng Jing (Son)
Parents: Zheng Zhilong with Tagawa Matsu (田川松) or Weng-shi (翁氏) (1601-1646)

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

In his endeavor to topple the Qing Dynasty and restore the Ming, General Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga) shifted base to Taiwan. He took advantage of high tides in the Taijiang inlet and landed via the Luermen waterways, chasing away the Dutch dubbed by the locals as “the red-haired foreigners (Ang-Mo)”. From then on, a new chapter of Chinese culture began to blossom in Taiwan’s history, and MINNAN (ALSO KNOWN AS HOKKIEN) architecture began to take root in Taiwan under Koxinga’s earnest development of the island.

Koxinga is a Ming loyalist & arch commander of the Ming troops. Recover Formosa (Taiwan) from Dutch in Feb 1662. First Han Chinese Leader ever to defeat foreign western power in the war based on China History and to recover the Chinese territory from the powerful European (Dutch) colonial power. This is "China’s First Great Victory over the West till today". No other Chinese general/dynasty ever had achieved such feat before and after Koxinga. He was continuously harassed by the Manchus on land and sea, from his family's home base in Fujian province and then in 1662, taking 25,000 men and hundreds of warships, relocated his headquarters across the sea in Taiwan, then held by the Dutch. After a siege of 10 months, he expelled the Dutch. Koxinga’s Tungning Kingdom (Koxinga Dynasty) on Taiwan would last for 20 years before finally falling to forces from mainland China (Qing/Manchu).

Koxinga became a “popular deity and cultural hero” to the Chinese on Taiwan, and even the Qing court honoured him as a paragon of loyalty. In Japan the playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon celebrated him on the stage and in the 20th century both Chinese communists (PRC) and Nationalists (ROC /Taiwan) embraced him as a national hero.

For further reading and understanding of this Greatest Minnan Hero, I would recommend watching his movie with the link below.

Movie & TV Drama on KOXINGA Kok-sèng-iâ and his father Zhèng Zhīlóng; 鄭芝龍:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIlkEQIkGrI (Movie) - 英雄郑成功 【经典电影】 片长98分钟
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxR-3GCo8zo (TV Drama 《大英雄郑成功》 第1集) )


REFERENCE:

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080126034942AAPtpzv
http://www.taiwan.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=37232&CtNode=2230&mp=13
http://www.berfrois.com/2012/03/koxingas-war-tonio-andrade/
http://www.reference.com/browse/koxinga
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/late_imperial_china/v033/33.1.andrade.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koxinga
http://www.stuartheaver.com/koxinga_china_post_feb2012.pdf
http://granitestudio.org/2008/02/01/the-historical-record-for-february-1-2008-koxinga-and-the-liberation-of-taiwa/
http://www.badassoftheweek.com/index.cgi?id=402341815414
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Tungning
http://chenghistory.blogspot.com.au/
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P3-1049162681.html
http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1860715_1860714_1860708,00.html
http://blog.press.princeton.edu/2012/02/01/mark-the-350th-anniversary-with-a-book-trailer/
http://infoproc.blogspot.com.au/2013/03/koxinga.html
http://www.pingryhdtv.com/projects_in.html#koxinga
http://www.sinodefenceforum.com/military-history/zheng-chenggong-koxinga-5912.html
http://omamorifromjapan.blogspot.com.au/2011/08/watonai-koxinga.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/221639/Fujian
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:14 am, edited 2 times in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sat Jul 06, 2013 4:51 pm

Number 2:

NAME: ZHENG ZHILONG (Nicholas Iquan Gaspard)
DOB: 1604
DOD: 1667
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: Zhèng Zhīlóng; 鄭芝龍
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: -
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien (Nan’an, Quanzhou, Fujian Province)
COUNTRY: Fujian China & Taiwan
CATEGORY: Military Commander, Merchant, Admiral, Pirates

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

Zheng Zhilong (1604–1661), also known as Nicholas Iquan Gaspard, was a native of Nan'an, Fujian, China. He was a Chinese merchant, pirate and admiral for the Ming Empire. He was the father of Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga), also a military leader. Under the Qing Dynasty, Zheng was elevated to the rank of Count of the Second Rank. His company was known as Iquan's Party. Zheng left home as a teenager, jumping aboard a merchant ship. Zheng went to Macau where his mother's brother lived (his uncle). He was baptized as a Catholic in Macau, receiving the Christian name Nicholas Gaspard. His uncle asked him to take some cargo Nagasaki, Japan, where he met a rich old Min man named Li Dan. Li Dan had close ties with the Europeans and he arranged for Zheng to work as an interpreter for the Dutch (Zheng spoke Portuguese which the Dutch could also speak). In 1622, when Dutch forces took over the Pescadores archipelago off the Taiwan Strait, Li Dan sent Zheng to the Pescadores to work with the Dutch as a translator in peace negotiations. Before leaving Japan he met and married a local woman named Tagawa Matsu. He impregnated her with Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga), leaving Japan before she gave birth in 1624. After Li Dan died in 1623, Zheng acquired his fleet of ships.

The Dutch, wishing to control and monopolize commerce routes to Japan, collaborated with Chinese pirates. Zheng initially worked as a translator but soon became a highly successful pirate under the tutelage of the Dutch, who provided ships and weapons in exchange for a cut of the loot. Zheng prospered and by 1627 he was leading four hundred junks and tens of thousands of men. He built ten outposts on Taiwan's southwestern coastal region, between Tainan and Chiayi, but was evicted shortly after when the Dutch arrived on the island.

Shibazhi (十八芝) were a pirate organization of 18 well-known Chinese pirates, founded in 1625 by Zheng Zhilong. Members included Shi Lang's father Shi Daxuan (施大瑄). They began to challenge the Ming fleet and won a series of victories. In 1628, Zheng Zhilong defeated the Ming Dynasty's fleet. The Ming Dynasty's southern fleet surrendered to Shibazhi, and Zheng decided to switch from being a pirate captain to working for the Ming Dynasty in an official capacity, to go legit.

After joining the Ming navy, Zheng and his wife resettled on an island off the coast of Fujian, where he operated a large armed pirate fleet of over 800 ships along the coast from Japan to Vietnam. He was appointed by the Chinese Imperial family as "Admiral of the Coastal Seas", and defeated Dutch East India Company vessels on October 22, 1633. Zheng would continue to serve the Ming dynasty after the fall of Peking in June 1644. After the capture of Nanjing in 1645, Zheng accepted an offer to serve as commander-in-chief of the Imperial forces and was ordered to defend the newly established capital in Fuzhou under the Prince of Tang. He defeated the Dutch and pirates, a combined force of more than 100,000. The spoils of this victory made him fabulously wealthy. He bought up a large amount of land, as much as 60% of Fujian, and became a very powerful landlord.

In 1646, Zheng decided to defect to the Manchus leaving the passes of Zhejiang unguarded, allowing Manchu forces to capture Fuzhou. As a result of the Manchu victory, Zheng was greatly rewarded and retired very wealthy. However, he would later be executed by the Qing government in 1661, as a result of his son's continued resistance against the Qing regime.

Movie & TV Drama on KOXINGA's father Zhèng Zhīlóng; 鄭芝龍:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIlkEQIkGrI (Movie)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxR-3GCo8zo (TV Drama 《大英雄郑成功》 第1集) )
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iTLxOICvSbA (鄭氏王朝揭秘 -"官-商-盜"鄭芝龍 控制台海生命線!?)

REFERENCE:

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/109204/Zheng-Zhilong
http://www.gutenberg-e.org/andrade/andrade02.html
http://www.npm.gov.tw/exhbition/formosa/chinese/04.htm
http://www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/t-journal-of-world-history.aspx
http://www.chinatravel.com/focus/ancient-maritime-china/famous-pirates.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zheng_Zhilong
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/ent_msg.php?titleid=335
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:14 am, edited 1 time in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sat Jul 06, 2013 5:37 pm

Number 3:

NAME, DESIGNATION: GOH CHOK TONG
DOB: 20/05/41
DOD: -
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: Wú Zuòdòng, 吴作栋
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: Gô· Chok-tòng
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien (ancestry from Yongchun County, Fujian province, China)
COUNTRY: Singapore
CATEGORY: Politians, Former Prime Minister

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

Goh Chok Tong (born 20 May 1941) is a Singaporean politician. A member of the People's Action Party (PAP), he became Singapore's second Prime Minister on 28 November 1990, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew, and served in the role until 12 August 2004, when he stepped down and was succeeded by Lee Hsien Loong.

He subsequently served as Senior Minister until May 2011, and as Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS). He continues to serve as a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency and holds the honorary title of "Emeritus Senior Minister".

- On 18 May 2011, Lee Hsien Loong announced that Goh was to be appointed a senior advisor to the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), and would be given the honorary title of "Emeritus Senior Minister".
- On 24 June 2011, Goh was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun by the Japanese government.
- On 4 May 2012, Goh was appointed as Patron for Advancement of the Singapore University of Technology and Design

Goh's father was from Yongchun County, Fujian province, China, while he was born in Singapore and his family belongs to the Hokkien ancestry group, now more commonly known as Minnan. Goh studied at Raffles Institution from 1955 to 1960. He was a very competitive swimmer in his younger days and was given the nickname "Bold”.

Goh earned a Bachelor of Arts degree with first class honours in economics from the University of Singapore, and a Master of Arts in development economics from Williams College in 1967. After his studies, Goh returned to Singapore to serve in the Administrative Service.

Goh is married to Tan Choo Leng and they have two sons and a daughter, who are twins. Their son, Goh Jin Hian, is a medical doctor at Mount Elizabeth Hospital while their daughter, Goh Jin Theng, is in London with her English husband, Lee Craven, and also their second son, Colin Goh is a movie-director and founder of TalkingCock.com website, and married to Dr Woo Yen Yen.

REFERENCE:

http://www.reference.com/browse/goh+chok+tong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goh_Chok_Tong
http://www.infoplease.com/biography/var/gohchoktong.html
http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_860_2004-12-27.html


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W3W4wxW4VUA (Goh Chok Tong Introduction Video)
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:16 am, edited 3 times in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sat Jul 06, 2013 6:39 pm

Number 4:

NAME/DESIGNATION: President Benigno S. Aquino III
DOB: 8/02/60
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: -
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: Benigno Aquino 3-sè (Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III)
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien (Minnan ancestors in Hongjian Village, located in the township of Jiaomei, Longhai City, Zhangzhou Municipality, Fujian Province)
COUNTRY: Philippines
CATEGORY: Politician, President

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

The 15th and current President of the Philippines since June 2010.
Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III; born February 8, 1960, also known as Noynoy Aquino or PNoy, is a Filipino politician who has been the 15th President of the Philippines since June 2010.

Aquino is a fourth-generation politician: his great-grandfather, Servillano "Mianong" Aquino, served as a delegate to the Malolos Congress; his grandfather, Benigno Aquino, Sr., served as Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from 1943 to 1944; and his parents were President Corazon Aquino and Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. Aquino is a member of the Liberal Party. In the Liberal Party, Aquino held various positions such as Secretary General and Vice President for Luzon. Aquino is the Chairman of the Liberal Party.

Born in Manila, Aquino finished his Bachelor of Arts Major in Economics from Ateneo de Manila University in 1981 and joined his family in their exile in the United States shortly thereafter. He returned to the Philippines in 1983 shortly after the assassination of his father and held several positions working in the private sector. In 1998, he was elected to the House of Representatives as Representative of the 2nd district of Tarlac province. He was subsequently re-elected to the House in 2001 and 2004. In 2007, having been barred from running for re-election to the House due to term limits, he was elected to the Senate in the 14th Congress of the Philippines.

Following the death of his mother on August 1, 2009, many people began calling on Aquino to run for president. On September 9, 2009, Aquino officially announced he would be a candidate in the 2010 presidential election, held on May 10, 2010. On June 9, 2010, the Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Aquino the winner of the 2010 presidential election. On June 30, 2010, at the Quirino Grandstand in Rizal Park, Manila, Aquino was sworn into office as the fifteenth President of the Philippines, succeeding Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, by Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Conchita Carpio-Morales. In 2013, TIME magazine named him one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World.

Hongjian village, Zhangzhou city of East China's Fujian province, is home to his mother's ancestors. The president's mother is Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuanco, the late former Philippines president Cory Aquino. (http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news21040.html)


Thanks to Fujian kin

The President also reported about his visit to his ancestors’ Hongjian village in Fujian, where he saw the tree his mother, the late President Corazon Aquino, had planted 23 years ago.

"Many of the ancestors of the Chinese Filipinos who reside in our country came from the province of Fujian and one of these include my family,” Mr. Aquino said.

"We have a saying that those who don’t know where they came from, won’t arrive at where they are going, so I made it a point to visit and give thanks to my relatives in Fujian who also expressed their support for our aim to take the straight path,” he said.


President Aquino to visit his ancestry in Hongjian, Zhangzhou, Fujian
Dated: 30 Aug 2011 (Ref: http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news20946.html)

The Precedent of The Philippines in China: REDISCOVERING ROOTS (Feature on the Hongjian Village Visit). To be sure, President Benigno S. Aquino III will have all the elements of a standard State Visit when he comes to the Middle Kingdom on 30 August 2011 - 02 September 2011.

Beyond all the stiff formalness of the boardrooms and state guesthouses, however, President Noynoy's trip to China will include something more down to earth and closer to the President's heart. Coming to China will be an opportunity for the President to reconnect with his roots in southern Fujian province.

Tracing the very steps his mother took more than two decades ago, the President will visit the hometown of his Chinese ancestors in Hongjian Village, located in the township of Jiaomei, Longhai City, Zhangzhou Municipality, Fujian Province.

It is widely known that the late President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino is a fourth-generation Filipino-Chinese descended from Mr. Co Yu Hwan a Chinese immigrant from Hongjian Village who settled in the Philippines in 1861.

Mr. Co (the Chinese character for his surname is read as "Xu" in the national language Mandarin, while "Co" or "Kho" is the way the same character is pronounced in the southern Fujian dialect or Minnan Hua also known as Hokkien) converted to Roman Catholicism in the Philippines and was then baptized as Jose Cojuangco, the surname Cojuangco being an amalgamation of his Chinese Hokkien name, Co Yu Hwan.

Jose's son Melecio Cojuangco (born in 1871) married another Filipino-Chinese named Tiakla Chico in 1894 and among their children was Jose Cojuangco, Jr., father to President Corazon Aquino who is the mother of the current President, Benigno S. Aquino III.

Hongjian, a sleepy rural village located near the border of Xiamen's Haicang District and Zhangzhou Municipality, is home to about 1,700 residents with the surname Xu or Co. Though less than half an hour's drive from the bustling metropolis of Xiamen Island, it is stands in stark contrast to the city as it has, for the moment, maintained the slow pulse of country life with friendly and hospitable locals who keep the traditional ways.

When President Cory came to Hongjian Village in 1988 she planted an araucaria tree (a genus of coniferous evergreen) to commemorate her visit. She also lighted incense at the altar of the Ancestral Temple of the Xu (Co) Clan. She was quoted as having remarked "I am the President, but I am also the daughter of Hongjian Village"

This statement has resonated among the local villagers and was much quoted by local media, including the widely circulated Xiamen Daily, during the coverage of President Cory's passing away in August 2009.

While the araucaria tree planted by the former President was growing, its trunk split into two and now the tree has two tops of equal height. When this happened, villagers took it as a sign that another branch from the former President's family would rise up and achieve the same stature as the mother who planted the tree.

Consequently, when Benigno Aquino III won the presidential election of 2010, Hongjian villagers took this as the fulfillment of the event foreshadowed by the tree's trunk splitting into two with both sections growing to equal height. Today, with the care of local villagers who are blood relatives of the Cojuangcos in the Philippines, the tree has grown to about as tall as a four-storey building.

Presently a park is being constructed on the site surrounding the tree planted by the former President. Fittingly, Village planners included in the Park the construction of a hall dubbed the Sino-Philippines Friendship Memorial Hall, which when completed, shall be dedicated to the memory of President Cory.

As his mother before him had done, President Aquino shall make this spiritual journey back to the cradle of his clan. He will follow local custom in honoring his ancestors in the Clan Temple, whose pantheon his mother now joins. But to Filipinos, this is not as foreign as it initially appears. Though Christianized for the better part of half a millennium, Filipinos, like the Chinese place great importance in honoring ancestors and acknowledging one's roots.

Filipinos have a saying "ang 'di lumingon sa pinanggalingan, 'di makararating sa paroroonan", which roughly translates as "he who does not acknowledge his origins will never reach his destination."

The President is only one of so many notable Filipinos who have Chinese ancestry. He joins the ranks of other greats, chief of them national hero Jose Rizal whose great-great grandfather Ke Yi Nan (Domingo Lamco) hailed from Qiongque Village in Jinjiang City, Fujian.

Although cited to the point of cliché, the truth remains that the Philippines and Fujian share ties that go deeper and beyond the diplomatic niceties discussed in Beijing. These ties of trade, history, culture, blood and kinship are in fact the anchors of Philippines-China bilateral relations.

For despite highs and lows in political and economic ties, the friendship for the Filipino people that emanate from southern Fujian and spreads to all other parts of China will always transcend the current, albeit transient, issues of the day.

In tracing his roots in southern Fujian, the President is symbolically acknowledging how truly close the peoples of the Philippines and China are. In planting a tree as his mother did, he will sow new seeds that will also, with care and nourishment, take root and grow tall and strong.

With these roots in Hongjian Village, Philippines-China cooperation and exchange will grow surely and steadily, nurtured by the very hands of the Filipino and Chinese peoples themselves.

SOURCE: Philippines Consulate of Xiamen


REFERENCE:

http://globalnation.inquirer.net/11553/aquino-back-home-with-13-b-deals
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news20946.html

http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news21040.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1689897/Benigno-Aquino-III
http://ph.news.yahoo.com/editorial-president-benigno-aquino-iii-time-magazine-list-205749157.html
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/a/benigno_s_aquino_iii/index.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benigno_Aquino_III
http://www.gov.ph/2013/02/08/ten-facts-about-president-benigno-s-aquino-iii/
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/wine_msg.php?titleid=1708
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:18 am, edited 2 times in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sat Jul 06, 2013 7:19 pm

Number 5:

NAME/DESIGNATION: CORAZON AQUINO (Ex-President)
DOB: January 25, 1933, Paniqui, Tarlac, Philippines
DOD: August 1, 2009, Makati, Metro Manila
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: -
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: Koǒ Lnǎsn̄g / Hěu Lǒsōng
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien (Chinese ancestors in Hongjian Village, located in the township of Jiaomei, Longhai City, Zhangzhou Municipality, Fujian Province )
COUNTRY: Philippines
CATEGORY: Politician, President (February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992)

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

Maria Corazon Sumulong "Cory" Cojuangco-Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was a Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, the first woman to hold that office, and the first female president in Asia. Regarded as "The Mother of Philippine Democracy," Cory led the 1986 People Power Revolution, which toppled Ferdinand Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines. She was named Time magazine's "Woman of the Year" in 1986.

In 2008, Aquino was diagnosed with colon cancer from which she died on August 1, 2009. Her son Benigno Aquino III was elected president and was sworn in on June 30, 2010.

Philippines' President Aquino to visit tree planted by his mom in Fujian
Dated: 29 Aug 2011

WHEN Philippines' President Aquino visits China this week, he will also visit the roots of his ancestors, Fujian province, where his mother former president Corazon Aquino planted a tree during a visit there 19 years ago.

"I understand my mother planted a tree about over 20 years ago. It should be really quite a tall tree now. So I would like to thank those who took care of it…Our culture has undoubtedly been enriched by all of these interactions stretching through the centuries. One would definitely benefit from renewing the ties and ‘retracing’ roots," he said.

President Aquino to visit his ancestry in Hongjian, Zhangzhou, Fujian
Dated: 30 Aug 2011


Tracing the very steps his mother took more than two decades ago, the President will visit the hometown of his Chinese ancestors in Hongjian Village, located in the township of Jiaomei, Longhai City, Zhangzhou Municipality, Fujian Province.

It is widely known that the late President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino is a fourth-generation Filipino-Chinese descended from Mr. Co Yu Hwan a Chinese immigrant from Hongjian Village who settled in the Philippines in 1861.

Mr. Co (the Chinese character for his surname is read as "Xu" in the national language Mandarin, while "Co" or "Kho" is the way the same character is pronounced in the southern Fujian dialect or Minnan Hua also known as Hokkien) converted to Roman Catholicism in the Philippines and was then baptized as Jose Cojuangco, the surname Cojuangco being an amalgamation of his Chinese Hokkien name, Co Yu Hwan.

Jose's son Melecio Cojuangco (born in 1871) married another Filipino-Chinese named Tiakla Chico in 1894 and among their children was Jose Cojuangco, Jr., father to President Corazon Aquino who is the mother of the current President, Benigno S. Aquino III.

Hongjian, a sleepy rural village located near the border of Xiamen's Haicang District and Zhangzhou Municipality, is home to about 1,700 residents with the surname Xu or Co. Though less than half an hour's drive from the bustling metropolis of Xiamen Island, it is stands in stark contrast to the city as it has, for the moment, maintained the slow pulse of country life with friendly and hospitable locals who keep the traditional ways.

When President Cory came to Hongjian Village in 1988 she planted an araucaria tree (a genus of coniferous evergreen) to commemorate her visit. She also lighted incense at the altar of the Ancestral Temple of the Xu (Co) Clan. She was quoted as having remarked "I am the President, but I am also the daughter of Hongjian Village"

This statement has resonated among the local villagers and was much quoted by local media, including the widely circulated Xiamen Daily, during the coverage of President Cory's passing away in August 2009.

SOURCE: Philippines Consulate of Xiamen


REFERENCE:

http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news20946.html
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news20912.html
http://www.biography.com/people/corazon-aquino-9187250
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corazon_Aquino
http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1914109_1915123,00.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/31280/Corazon-Aquino


8)
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:19 am, edited 2 times in total.

Ah-bin
Posts: 830
Joined: Mon Aug 21, 2006 8:10 am
Location: Somewhere in the Hokloverse

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Ah-bin » Sat Jul 06, 2013 8:32 pm

Sorry can't we just go and look at Wikipedia if we want to find all this stuff out?

Also, if you looked into things more, instead of just copying and pasting willy-nilly from Wikipedia, you might not be so keen to put Goh Chok Tong on the list of prominent Minnan people since he did the following to Hokkien in his own family:

I speak Hokkien to my mother. My children speak to me and my wife in English, and Mandarin to their grandmother, my mother. They have dropped dialect. It will take another generation in my family for three generations to share the same one primary language.
(Speak Mandarin Campaign launch 1981)

...and then proceeded to do his utmost to make sure that all the other Chinese on the little island he lived on followed suit, great guy.

http://www.chinalanguage.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6325&hilit=spam&sid=b698b589a850624cbb8e3e8a515f5448

amhoanna
Posts: 912
Joined: Sat Sep 18, 2010 12:43 pm

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby amhoanna » Sun Jul 07, 2013 2:31 am

My children speak to me and my wife in English, and Mandarin to their grandmother, my mother. They have dropped dialect. It will take another generation in my family for three generations to share the same one primary language.

Such a murderer of culture is, indeed, not a Hokkien, but a Minnan. :lol:

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sun Jul 07, 2013 7:10 am

Kam-sia to "abin + amhoanna” for the remarks.
You are true Hokkien blood. I feel so moved by your statement.

The collections of the Bân-lâm 闽南 famous personalities in this thread are based on "ancestry and heritage’; not based on their views or spoken proficiency in Hokkien.

I am not too sure if all politicians in SIngapore agreed with Goh Chok Tong statement. But I know many of the senior PAP’s politicians openly support the "Mandarinisation Policy” since 1980s’ till now.

Could it be GCT make that statement to get the “curry” favour or apple polishing ex-PM Lee Kuan Yew to win political favour or to show SIngaporeans public that it is the way to the future progress by dumping dialects? If today Mr. GCT make that same statement in Malaysia or Taiwan, I think someone will throw him some rotten eggs or dirty shoes to his face. He is shaming his Minnan ancestry and condemning his heritage.

In 1980’s SIngapore was promoting and strictly implementing the “Speak Mandarin Policy”. All dialects were banned in Singapore broadcast media, schools and government departments. The worst affected dialects I reckon are Khek, and Hailam, Hinghua, Hockchew, Teochew (mostly Minnan dialects). Probably only Cantonese and Hokkien are less affected due to the cushion of the external influence such as availability of broadcast media and more native speakers. Cantonese people tends to be more loyal to preserve the Cantonese language compare to others dialects group in Singapore and Malaysia.

ON the ground level, I think Hokkien language is still alive (depite declining speakers). If we look at the koa-tai (Getai) scene and political speech in Singapore, Hokkien language is still widely use (but declining). When I was conducting business discussion a few years ago in SIngapore, Hokkien is still widely spoken. Taiwanese language drama & variety shows hosted by" Te-Ko Liang, Bong Cha-cha,Yu-tian etc)" on paid Cable TV (forget the channel name) is still very popular. When Jody Jiang-hui (Kang-hui) held a concert in Singapore last year, it was a full-house concert despite the song 95% delivered in “Taigi/Hokkien” only.

I m hoping Singapore government will quickly reverse the banning of dialects in Singapore because it is destroying the culture and heritage of all the dialects group. Probably should take a look at Taiwan and let the dialects flourish naturally without government interventions. :x :cry:

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sun Jul 07, 2013 9:22 am

Number 6:

NAME: TAN KAH KEE
DOB: 21/10/1874. Born in Jimei, Tong'an 同安区(Tâng-oaⁿ-khu) County, Xiamen, Fujian, China .
DOD: 12/08/1961 in Beijing
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: 陈嘉庚, Chén Jiāgēng
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: Tân Kah-kiⁿ
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien (Ancestors in Jimei, Tong'an 同安区(Tâng-oaⁿ-khu) County, Xiamen
COUNTRY: Malaysia & Singapore
CATEGORY: Businessman, community leader, and philanthropist in Malaysia & Singapore, and a Communist leader in the People's Republic of China.

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:
Video Clips - : Must Watch!!!:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Az24YTZonR8 from The Star Online: ‪Remembering Tan Kah Kee
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IROQvggR0tE - History project on Tan Kah Kee

GREATEST CHINESE PHILANTHROPIST IN HISTORY.
• He was known as "HENRY FORD OF THE MALAYA COMMUNITY, both in Malaya, S.pore & Fujian province.
• A prominent businessman, community leader, and philanthropist in colonial Singapore.

When it came to education, the late Kah Kee was extremely lavish. Throughout his eventful life, Kah Kee channelled all his energy and the money he earned from his overseas businesses – in rubber, a pineapple plantation and manufacturing – back to society. He founded and funded Jimei University and Xiamen University in his hometown of Xiamen, Fujian Province, China, and other schools such as the Singapore Chinese High School and Tao Nan School, also in Singapore.

The selflessness exemplified by the late Tan Kah Kee is embraced and highly regarded by students of Jimei University and Xiamen University as well as the people of Xiamen. Tan’s statue is placed at the main entrance of Jimei University to commemorate the great philanthropist. “He visited the Jimei school to examine its construction every day. He was very frugal. He set aside only 15 yuan from his monthly pension of 300 yuan for our food allowance. Each of his children only received 0.15 yuan for pocket money”. The rest of his father’s money, he said, was donated to education.

Tan was born in Jimei, Tong'an同安区(Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâng-oaⁿ-khu) county, Fujian province, China (present-day Jimei District in Xiamen City), and went to Singapore in 1890, when he was 16 years old, to work for his father's rice store. Tan started his own business and built an empire from rubber plantations and manufacturing, sawmills, canneries, real estate, import and export brokerage, ocean transport to rice trading. His business was at its prime from 1912–1914. Tan was among the 110 founding members of Tao Nan School. He set up the Jimei Schools (now Jimei University) in 1913. In 1919, he set up The Chinese High School, now named Hwa Chong Institution in Singapore. While in 1921, he set up the Xiamen University and financially supported it until the Government of the Republic of China took it over in 1937.
Kah Kee’s love for his motherland and his support for its revolution movement was never a secret. He backed Sun Yat-Sen financially in the latter’s uprising to overthrow the Qing Dynasty which ended 267 years of rule in 1911.

During the Japanese Occupation, Kah Kee fled to Java where he wrote a book entitled A Memoir of an Overseas Chinese while Xiamen University was relocated to Changting in western Fujian to escape destruction.

After the retreat of the Japanese in 1945, Kah Kee was given a hero’s welcome on his return to Singapore. At a ceremony in Chongqing, China, to celebrate his return, the late Chairman Mao Zedong had inscribed a scroll about Kah Kee which read “Banner of Overseas Chinese, Glory of the Nation”.

In 1950, he returned to settle in Xiamen where he devoted his life to the reconstruction of China under the Communist Party’s rule. He served in the Returning Overseas Chinese League, Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress and Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

He then set up the Overseas Chinese Museum in Xiamen in 1956 to allow the younger generation to learn about the life of overseas Chinese.

In 1961, he died of cancer in Beijing and, after a state funeral, his body was transported back to Jimei where it was buried at the Ao Yuan Garden. All in all, the philanthropist contributed an estimated 150 million yuan towards education both in China and abroad.

At the 130th anniversary commemoration event, the delegation of 45 members of Kah Kee’s family was given a warm welcome when they visited the universities and Overseas Chinese Museum in Xiamen. “We know that all this warm welcome was because of the great reputation of Tan Kah Kee,” his grandson Dib Jin said in a speech at the museum. “The contribution of our grandfather remains unreachable but, as his descendants, we have no excuse not to do our part to continue his legacy.”

Xiamen University’s former vice-chancellor Lim Boon Keng best described the philanthropist in the university’s magazine of 1929: “He is a quiet and honest person who works hard for education. He doesn’t like people to sing praises about what he has done. “All Tan Kah Kee factories in Singapore and Johor and the hundreds of acres of rubber estate were set up for nothing but to pay the operational costs of the university.” Such was the ever generous and philanthropic Tan Kah Kee – a legend who will be remembered forever.

SOURCE: The Star by Chow How Ban


Father of Xiamen University and Jimei University - Tan Kah Kee’s timeline

1874 – Born in Jimei, Xiamen, Fujian Province, China, to businessman Tan Kee Peck.

1890 – Received a letter from his father to help in the latter’s wholesale rice business in Singapore.

1893 – Returned to Jimei to marry Zhang Shi.

1898 – Returned to Jimei because of his mother’s death.

1910 – Joined the league for Chinese Revolution, assumed capacity as assistant head of Singapore’s Chinese Chamber of Commerce and raised 50,000 yuan from overseas Chinese born in Fujian, for education.

1912 – Returned to Jimei to set up Jimei Primary School.

1919 – Returned to his hometown to establish Xiamen University.

1921 – Xiamen University opened.

1924 – Established Nanyang Siang Pau (Malaysia’s major Chinese-medium newspaper) in Singapore.

1926 – Faced financial crisis but he continued to pump in funds for Xiamen University and Jimei schools as well other schools in Singapore.

1941 – Led an association comprising overseas Chinese to fight against the Japanese Occupation.

1942 – Fled to Java to escape from Japanese attacks, and wrote Memoir of an Overseas Chinese, and Housing and Hygiene.

1945 – Returned to Singapore after the exile in Java.

1947 – Established Jiyou Bank in Hong Kong to ensure the institutions set up by overseas Chinese would be financially self-reliant.

1949 – Welcomed back to China by Chinese Government and served in the national Chinese People’s Political Consultative Committee.

1950 – Visited Singapore and Malaya for the last time before settling in his hometown Jimei.

1959 – Set up Overseas Chinese Museum in Xiamen.

1961 – Died of cancer in Beijing. His body was buried in Ao Yuan Garden in Jimei.

SOURCE: The Star

REFERENCE:
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news3338.html (Remembering Tan Kah Kee)
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news3339.html
http://www.blueskiescom.com/alumni/feb_mar_09/tan_kah_kee.htm
http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_839_2004-12-28.html
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/education/5222.html
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tan_Kah_Kee
http://www.amoymagic.com/tankahkee.htm
http://www.tkkfoundation.org.sg/foundation/found_eng.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tan_Kah_Kee_MRT_Station

http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news24586.html
http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news29638.html
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:20 am, edited 1 time in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sun Jul 07, 2013 1:27 pm

Number 7:

NAME/DESIGNATION: Michelle Yeoh or Yeoh Choo-Kheng (Tan Sri)
DOB: Born in Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia - 6/8/1963
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: 楊紫瓊 Yáng Zǐqióng
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: Iûⁿ Chí-khēng (Yeoh Choo-Kheng)
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien
COUNTRY: Malaysia but based in Hong Kong
CATEGORY: Hong Kong and Hollywood Actress, Producer, Dancer, Miss Malaysia 1983

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

A Hong Kong-based Malaysian actress is best known in the Western world for her Hollywood roles in the 1997 James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, playing Wai Lin, and the multiple Academy Award-winning Chinese-language martial arts film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, for which she was nominated the BAFTA in 2000, for "Best Actress". Other famous movies is "The Soong Sisters" (1997), a sweeping epic about China's troubled history during the first half of the 20th century as seen through the real-life story of the powerful Soong sisters. In 2011, she portrayed Aung San Suu Kyi in Luc Besson's The Lady.

Video Clips:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGpigq158F0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GnsJ-HBJw-o
- Michelle Yeoh on Late Show with David Letterman

REFERENCE:
http://contemporary_chinese_culture.academic.ru/924/Yeoh,_Michelle
http://movies.yahoo.com/person/michelle-yeoh/biography.html
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000706/bio
http://michelleyeoh.info/Bio/bio.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelle_Yeoh
http://www.biography.com/people/michelle-yeoh-240963
http://www.asianfilmawards.asia/press-room/renowned-actress-michelle-yeoh-choo-kheng-recipient-excellence-in-asian-cinema-award/
http://www.unep.org/pdf/OP_sept/EN/OP-2009-09-en-STARPAGE.pdf
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:21 am, edited 2 times in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Sun Jul 07, 2013 2:04 pm

Number 8:

NAME: LIEM SWIE KING
DOB: 28 February 1956 in Kudus, Central Java, Indonesia
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: 林水鏡; Lín Shuǐjìng
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: LÎM SIÊ KING
ANCESTRY: MINNAN HOKKIEN (His parents Ng Thian Poo and Oei See Moi from Fujian)
COUNTRY: Indonesia (Central Java)
CATEGORY: Former International badminton player representing Indonesia

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

Liem Swie King won 1978, 1979 and 1981 All England Championship. He played in Thomas Cup for five times. In 2002 he received IBF highest award. Along with Morten Frost (Denmark), Han Jian and Luan Jin (China), and Prakash Padukone (India), he was one of the world's leading singles players of that era. A world level player in men's doubles as well as men's singles, he was known for the ferocity of his jumping smash. He was a member of the Thomas Cup winning Indonesian teams of 1976, 1979, and 1984, playing both singles and doubles on the latter two occasions. He retired from badminton in 1988 in Jakarta.
Liem was inducted into the Badminton Hall of Fame in 2002. His life and achievements inspired an independent movie to be made in Indonesia, titled "King”.

Liem was born on 28 February 1956 in Kudus, Central Java. His parents were Ng Thian Poo and Oei See Moi from Fujian. He was the only son of 8 children.

Video Clips:
Badminton All England 1981 MS Final Game 3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWA-pCkMBuQ


REFERENCE:
https://www.facebook.com/liem.swieking.52
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liem_Swie_King
http://abunfreed.blogspot.com.au/2012/09/liem-swie-king.html
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/07/11/liem-swie-king-the-return-a-king.html


8)
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:22 am, edited 2 times in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:06 am

Number 9:

NAME: JOSÉ RIZAL
DOB: June 19, 1861, Calamba, Laguna, Philippines
DOD: December 30, 1896 at Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: -
POJ (Pe̍h-ōe-jī ) NAME: -
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien. Ancestry from Jinjiang晋江 (Chìn-kang), Quanzhou泉州 (Chôan-chiu) in Fujian Province.
COUNTRY: Philippines
CATEGORY: Politician. A hero-martyr of the Philippine Revolution and National Hero of The Philippines
DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

José Rizal, hero-martyr of the Philippine Revolution and National Hero of The Philippines. The Philippines’s national hero Jose Rizal, is the direct descendant of Chinese trader Cua Yi Lam, who immigrated from Siongque to the Philippines in the later part of the 17th century. Church records. Jose Rizal whose grandfather is a descendant of Jinjiang晋江 (Chìn-kang), Quanzhou泉州 (Chôan-chiu) in Fujian Province.

The Philippines’s national hero Jose Rizal’s exact replica of the monument of the Philippines national hero Jose Rizal at the Luneta Park can be found in the heart of this southern Chinese city, standing proudly in mute testimony to the morals and values Rizal had hoped to impart to his fellow Filipinos. It also stands as a remembrance to his great, great grandfather, Domingo Lamco of Zhang-Guo province, who was once a resident and citizen of China.

On the second day of her official visit to China, President Macapagal-Arroyo led wreath-laying rites at the Rizal Shrine here to pay respect to Rizal, his grandfather Lamco and the Chinese people.The President was accompanied by some members of her Cabinet, including Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap, Press Secretary Ignacio Bunye, and Environment Secretary Angelo Reyes, along with some members of Congress and local officials.

On Jan. 23, 2003, House Speaker Jose de Venecia Jr. led a 60-member Philippine delegation in wreath-laying ceremonies during the inauguration of the Rizal Shrine in Siongque Village, Jinjiang City in Fujian Province. The national hero is the direct descendant of Chinese trader Cua Yi Lam, who immigrated from Siongque (Zhang-Guo in Mandarin) to the Philippines in the later part of the 17th century. Church records show that Cua Yi Lam was baptized Domingo Lamco in Manila in 1697 at the age of 35 and listed his birthplace as Siongque village in China.

The José Rizal monument, in Jinjiang 晋江 (Chìn-kang) City, Quanzhou泉州 (Chôan-chiu) in Fujian Province, is made of the world-famous Jinjiang granite stones, stands at 18.61 meters high, which is taller than the 12-meter high Rizal Monument in Manila, and secondly the expression/look of Rizal`s eyes was described as one of a Chinese soldier. José Rizal is highly revered even in Jinjiang 晋江 (Chìn-kang) till today as one of the Jinjiang most prominent son.

The José Rizal monument was built on a five-hectare park named in Rizalâ’s honor, making it the biggest Rizal Shrine outside the Philippines. The park will also be the site of a Rizal museum and library. The success of the project can be attributed to the combined efforts of the Cua-Chua Family Association where Rizal drew his Chinese lineage, the KAISA Para sa Kaunlaran, headed by Prof. Teresita Ang-See, which provided assistance in research and substance, Philippine Airlines chair Lucio Tan who headed the project committee working group, the Tulay Foundation, the Knights of Rizal, the Philippine Consulate General in Xiamen, the Jinjiang village and the city association based in Manila that arranged funding for the project, the Fujian Provincial Overseas Chinese Affairs Office and the Quanzhou Municipal Government.

VIDEO CLIPS:

José Rizal Part 1:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Tjpp8TErLg
http://video.about.com/asianhistory/Profile-of-Jose-Rizal.htm


REFERENCE:

http://asianhistory.about.com/od/profilesofasianleaders/p/joserizalbio.htm
http://www.inq7.net/globalnation/sec_new/2003/feb/01-05.html
http://knightsofrizal.org/?p=112
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jinjiang,_Fujian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine_Revolution
http://www.biography.com/people/josé-rizal-39486
http://www.joserizal.com/
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:23 am, edited 1 time in total.

Pier
Posts: 93
Joined: Mon Jun 24, 2013 10:53 am
Location: Brisbane, Australia

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby Pier » Tue Jul 09, 2013 10:03 am

Number 10:

NAME: YAO CHEN
Date Of Birth : 5th October 1979
CHINESE/PINYIN NAME: 姚晨, Yáo Chén
POJ (PE̍H-ŌE-JĪ ) NAME: -
ANCESTRY: Minnan Hokkien
COUNTRY: Born in Shishi (Chio̍h-sai), Quanzhou (Chôan-chiu), Fujian
CATEGORY: Actress from China

DESCRIPTIONS & ACHIEVEMENTS:

• Known as Yao Chen: “The Lady Gaga of China".
• She won the Golden Eagle Award for Best Actress in 2010.
• Yao Chen (Chinese: 姚晨) (born 5th October 1979) is an award-winning “Chinese Actress”
• Yao Chen is the person on Sina Weibo with the largest number of "fans" (analogous to "followers" on Twitter), with over 32 million.

It's "Yao Chen v Lady Gaga". In the English-speaking world, Lady Gaga has the most followers on Twitter, at 25 million. In the Chinese-speaking world, it's Yao Chen, with 32 million followers (on Weibo), but growing faster.

Yao Chen was born in Shishi City, Quanzhou, Fujian province, China in 1979 to a middle-class family, and studied Chinese folk dance at the Beijing Dance Academy from 1993 to 1997, then studied at the Beijing Film Academy from 1999 to 2003. Her famous movies include ‘A Story of Lala's Promotion (2009)’. She has since appeared as Mango in Feng Xiaogang's “If You Are the One 2 (2010), in Chen Yili’s Colour Me Love (2010) and in Shang Jing’s My Own Swordsman (2011)”.

VIDEO CLIPS REF:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hif-91kfhAU
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOzjFWcpLiw


SOURCE/REFERENCE:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yao_Chen
http://asianwiki.com/Chen_Yao
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shishi,_Fujian
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2012-07/02/c_131688802_2.htm
http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/yao-chen-becomes-chinas-first-microblogger-to-reach-9-million-fans-lady-gaga-sails-past-11-million-2300254.html
http://www.guardian.co.uk/money/blog/2012/apr/27/yao-chen-china-lady-gaga


:P
Last edited by Pier on Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:25 am, edited 2 times in total.

amhoanna
Posts: 912
Joined: Sat Sep 18, 2010 12:43 pm

Re: PROMINENT MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南) PEOPLES

Postby amhoanna » Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:25 pm

Pier,

It's not
MINNAN (BÂN-LÂM 闽南)

but rather
BÂN-LÂM 闽南 (MINNAN)

BÂN-LÂM 闽南 is a new name for the concept in the language itself. The longstanding English name is "Hokkien". Another longstanding name is Hoklo, or Holo. What the hell is a "Minnan"? :roll:


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